Hey Lein, we've learnt a lot of grammar so far, haven't we? How many lessons are there left?
This is the last lesson of Arka's grammar.
The last one is as to the relatives.
I got really confused when I learned the relatives of English.
We can find a relative in such a sentence; "I know a girl who is cute."
If the antecedent isn't "girl" but "book," "who" becomes "which."
You have to say "whom" in a sentence like "I know a girl whom he likes," because the girl here is an object.
To be exact, Arka doesn't have the relatives. "Who," "which" and "whom" are "le" in Arka, and "le" is a conjunction.
Will you translate the sentence, "I know a girl who likes cats," into Arka?
Arka and English have the same structure in this sentence, so I'll just give you some clues.
know = ser
a girl = fian
likes = siina
Oh, it's a bit difficult question.
They have the same sentence structure and "who" is "le" in Arka, so--
"an ser fian le siina ket"?
Then, how about "I know a girl whom he likes"?
"He" is "lu" or "la." Let's use "lu" for now.
It doesn't matter if it should be "who" or "whom" because Arka only has "le"--
"an ser fian le lu siina," right?
Yeah. Plus, you can use "le" even if it's not "girl" but "book." I mean Arka doesn't distinguish "who" and "which."
For your information, if "le lu siina" becomes "le alis siina," you have to say "l'alis siina."
"le" turns out to be "l" in front of words which begin with a vowel.
You'll come to be able to make complex sentences with "le," so get used to it.
OK, now we've finished the grammar section, haven't we?
You must be tired after my long lessons.
We'll be away from the grammar next time.